Thank you for purchasing through links and ads on this site.
diglloyd B&H Deal Finder...
Buy other stuff at
Memory Upgrades for 2019 Mac Pro - Save Up to 65% vs Factory Costs
Today’s Deal Zone Items... Handpicked deals...
$4499 $3499
SAVE $1000

$249 $219
SAVE $30

$1398 $898
SAVE $500

$1699 $1349
SAVE $350

$21999 $19999
SAVE $2000

$8399 $7599
SAVE $800

$1149 $799
SAVE $350

$260 $180
SAVE $80

$4998 $3998
SAVE $1000

$569 $519
SAVE $50

$899 $799
SAVE $100

$2347 $1997
SAVE $350

$883 $633
SAVE $250

$1299 $949
SAVE $350

$1699 $1349
SAVE $350

$2798 $2498
SAVE $300

$1199 $1099
SAVE $100

Organic Lab Tested Full Spectrum CBD

20% off every day with coupon code diglloyd20 at

Updated formula with more CBD!
100% organic non-GMO, no additives or preservatives, lab tested for purity and quality.

Do Lighter Wheels Matter?

Last updated 2011-04-08 - Send Feedback
Related: gear, Lightweight, Road Bikes
Lightweight Obermayer
(990g for the set)

Over the years I’ve steadily improved my cycling gear, and I’ve come to appreciate just how pleasant light wheels and tires can be. Switching wheels only reinforces my impressions of the value of a lightweight wheelset.

But it’s fair to ask from a scientific point of view:

  • Is rotating weight more important than fixed weight?
  • Does a wheelset that is X pounds lighter have any more benefit than a bike that is X pounds lighter?

My wheels

For example, my Lightweight Obermayer and Lightweight Ventoux wheels are about two pounds (a kilogram) lighter than a good set of aluminum wheels, and most of that weight difference is in the rim and tire area, where it has maximum benefit.

OWC Thunderblade Thunderbolt 3 SSD

Blazing fast, up to 16TB.


√ No more slow and noisy hard drives!

Rotating weight counts twice

Weight in the wheel rims and tires counts twice, because it must be accelerated forward, as well as angularly.

Wheel hub weight is the same as frame weight, we’re talking about weight in the outer part of a wheel— the rim and tire and tube. The spoke weight has some minor effect, but on average, the center of mass of a spoke is somewhere half-way out— not a large effect.

From a PhD who worked on gyro systems for military purposes, on the analysis that follows—

I took a look at a more detailed derivation. If one assumes all the mass of the wheel is at the outer periphery (a reasonable approximation), it turns out all the rotation stuff reduces to what you have below for accelerating the rim and tire. So, in fact, the mass of the wheel does require twice the force to accelerate as do the non-rotational parts - interesting!

Other factors

As speed increases, air friction dominates all other factors so much so that beyond 25 miles per hour, everything else becomes almost irrelevant. In such cases, the aerodynamics of the wheel are much more important than its weight. Remember also that the top of a wheel is moving at twice the speed of the bike, and that air resistance is a cubic function with speed, which is why going 30 mph is so much harder than 25mph. In other words, the aerodynamics of the wheel at such speeds dominate everything else.

As a practical matter, the acceleration we’re discussing here is relevant for concern only at lower speeds— below 20 mph, and particularly below 15 mph.

Lloyd’s Sony Mirrorless Wishlist
Hand-picked items for Sony.

The math

From basic Newtonian physics:

F = ma
(force required to increase speed is mass * acceleration)

To accelerate non rotating mass:

F = (R + B + W) * a
R = rider weight
B = bike weight exclusive of rim and tire (call those W)
W = rim and tire
a = acceleration

To accelerate rim + tire:

F = W * a

Hence total force required is:

F = (R + B + W)a + Wa
F = (R + B)a + 2Wa

Note the 2Wa term above: there is a multiplier of two (2) for the weight of the rim + tire.


Blasts of wind, sprints, overcoming changing in grade, etc are all acceleration, and thus the wheel + tire weight comes into play.

When speed is steady state, there is no difference between bike weight and rim/tire weight. But in the real world, speed is never exactly constant, we have to spurt here and there constantly. I almost never have flat ground, or even a consistent grade, nor a wind-free day.

Which Camera System 📷 is Best?
Which Lenses to Choose?🌈

Avoid costly mistakes and get the ideal system for your needs: diglloyd photographic consulting.

Applying to my wheels

Checking the tires I run on my Lightweight Obermayer wheelset, I find a difference of up to 3 pounds when accounting for the rim weight, the tire weight, the tube weight (tire and tube being the most important of all). That’s huge, even if it were just non-rotating weight.

Hence my wheels versus a standard aluminum wheel setup with clincher tires makes the bike feel about 6 pounds lighter under acceleration. The feel is phenomenal, really.

However, six pounds must be put into context. When lean, I weigh 178 pounds. Add in 22 more pounds for the bike, accessories, clothing, water, and the total riding weight becomes 200 pounds.

Therefore, six pounds is about 3% of the total weight (for me). For a 145 pound rider, that rises to 3.6%. Neither figure sounds all that impressive. But in fact, it can be felt, and it feels like much more than the numbers would suggest.

Try it yourself

For skeptics, go buy three pounds of lead fishing shot, and fasten it to the spokes near the rim. Ride your bike, doing some sprints, uphill, etc. Then remove the weights, and instead fasten them anywhere on the bike frame. Repeat your tests, and come to your own conclusions. If you can’t tell the difference, ride a heavy, durable, inexpensive wheelset.

Here’s another take over at VeloNews.

World of Tamron
View all handpicked deals...

Pentax 8x42 S-Series SD WP Binoculars
$249 $219
SAVE $30 | Terms of Use | PRIVACY POLICY
Contact | About Lloyd Chambers | Consulting | Photo Tours
Mailing Lists | RSS Feeds | Twitter
Copyright © 2020 diglloyd Inc, all rights reserved.
Display info: __RETINA_INFO_STATUS__